Skills and Concepts for 7th Grade

English/Reading/Writing
  • Analyzes texts using the text as evidence to support the analysis.
  • Makes inferences about texts and uses evidence from the text to support the inferences. 
  • Understands the message or ideas in a text and uses evidence to support these claims.
  • Understands, tracks the progress of, and summarizes the main idea of a text, using evidence from the text.
  • Analyzes and explains the relationship between different elements such as character and setting.
  • Analyzes the impact of specific language and word choice used in a text.
  • Extend understanding through similes, metaphors, idiom, imagery, onomatopoeia, alliteration, personification. Understands how the different structures used in a text, such as poetry or drama, affect the text.
  • Compares and contrasts the different perspectives and points of views in a text.
  • Determines the author’s point of view in a text using evidence from the text.
  • Compares different versions such as a stage version, film, or audio version of a text, paying specific attention to the way in which elements such as lighting, scenery, or audio sounds affect the message of the text.
  • Compares a historical account of an event, person, or place with a historical fiction text about the same period.
  • Read a variety of texts, including stories, poetry, drama, non-fiction, or informative texts.
  • Compares multiple texts written by different authors about the same topic and determines how their different perspectives are presented through their presentation of facts and the inferences they make.
  • Writes arguments that present clear reasons and relevant evidence and include:
    • Introductions;
    • Acknowledgements of opposing claims;
    • Logical and orderly presentations of and reasons and evidence;
    • The use of appropriate transitions, words, and phrases to connect claims;
    • A concluding sentence or paragraph which supports the argument made; and
    • A formal tone and style.
  • Writes structured and well organized opinion, research, and informative pieces that:
    • Use supporting claims and evidence that are based on credible texts and resources;
    • Include an introduction that has an explanation of what follows;
    • Develop topics through the use of facts, detailed quotations, and examples and subject specific terms and definitions;
    • Include transitions that connect concepts and paragraphs;
    • Include a conclusion that supports the presented idea(s);
    • Maintain a formal “essay type” style; and
    • Integrate other forms of media and formats, such as graphs, charts, headings, and audio or video when appropriate.
  • Writes well-structured narratives (both true and fiction) that include:
    • A narrator, characters, and a point of view;
    •  Descriptive detail and sensory language to describe characters, settings, and experiences;
    • Dialogue details and descriptions of characters, setting, and experiences;
    • A clear structure with a logical order and flow, as shown through the use of transition words; and
    • A conclusion that is connected to and builds on the narrative.
  • Plans, revises, and edits writing, specifically with guidance from teachers and peers, focusing specifically on trying new approaches and making sure the writing has a purpose and appeals to its audience.
  • Uses technology and the Internet to produce and publish writing.
  • Works with others and cites sources.
  • Works on multiple, short research projects that answer a specific question and cite multiple sources, while gathering additional questions for later research.
  • Uses both print and digital resources to conduct research, focusing on using appropriate search terms and reliable sources.
  • Uses quotes and a standard format for citation.
  • Uses research to analyze and make inferences.
  • Demonstrate oral language by presenting information effectively

Math
  • Solves equations using percentages that pertain to real-life examples, such as discounts, taxes, interest, and tips.
  • Graphs different proportions in order to compare them and analyze the steepness of the line that is graphed (which is referred to as the “slope”).
  • Uses equations to show the relationship between proportions.
  • Understands equations related to the distance between positive and negative numbers and negative and negative numbers.
  • Understands that a positive and negative number can equal 0. For example, 2 + -2 = 0.
  • Adds, subtracts, multiplies, and divides negative numbers.
  • Analyzes scale drawings (drawings that represent real-life objects, such as cars or buildings and their measurements) in order to solve equations about them.
  • Understands that an increase by 5 percent is the same thing as multiplying that number by 0.05.
  • Solves multi-step equations that include different forms of numbers, such as fractions, decimals, and percentages.
  • Uses statistics specifically to understand and infer information about a group or sample as well as compare 2 different groups or samples.
  • Graphs statistics and uses the graph to further analyze a group(s) or sample(s).
  • Predicts the probability of something based on collected data.
1.NUMBER SENSE & OPERATIONS
  • Represent numbers in scientific notation
  • Compare, order, estimate, and translate among integers, fractions, mixed numbers, decimals, and percents; Compute with fractions, decimals, percents, and integers
  • Model and solve problems involving ratios and proportions
  • Apply order of operations, including with exponents; Identify properties of operations; Use inverse relation- ships to solve problems
  • Apply number theory concepts (e.g. prime factorization, GCF, LCM)
 
2.PATTERNS, RELATIONS & ALGEBRA
  • Analyze and determine rules for extending geometric and numeric patterns
  • Represent numeric and geometric patterns using models, tables, graphs, rules, and algebraic expressions and equations
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the concept of a function; Use patterns and functions to represent and solve problems
  • Write expressions and equations for problem situations; Evaluate and simplify variable expressions; Solve and graph simple equations and inequalities
 
3.GEOMETRY
  • Classify figures (e.g. polygons, circles); Apply properties of congruence and similarity
  • Perform, and analyze the effect of, transformations on the coordinate plane; Draw figures from different perspectives
  • Explain and apply Pi
4.MEASUREMENT
  • Find the area and perimeter (circumference) of polygons and circles; Find surface area and volume of common 3- dimensional figures
  • Select, convert, and use appropriate units of measurement or scale; Apply rates and indirect measures
5. DATA ANALYSIS, PROBABILITY, & STATISTICS
  • Collect and organize data systematically; Represent data in line and bar graphs, stem and leaf plots, scatter plots, histograms, and circle graphs; Analyze data using mean, median, and mode
  • Use tree diagrams and organized lists to compute probabilities.
 
Science
  • Plans and conducts investigations and experiments.
  • Applies the scientific method in order to practice like a scientist:
    • Observes and researches.
    • Develops a hypothesis (based on observations and research).
    • Make predictions.
    • Experiments and follows multi-step processes and instructions in order to conduct experiments.
    • Develops a conclusion.
    • Compares the results of an experiment to what is written about the topic in a text.
  • Analyzes and interprets data.
  • Uses measurement and mathematical computations while working with data.
  • Develops and presents explanations for processes and practices used and results obtained.
  • Determines the main ideas of a scientific text and sites specific evidence to support ideas and claims about scientific texts.
  • Learns topic specific science vocabulary.
  • Analyzes relevant charts, diagrams, and graphs about a scientific topic.
  1. EARTH SCIENCE:
  • Identify the parts and functions of a typical cell
  • Compare and contrast plant and animal cells
  • Describe the function of the cell membrane. Compare and contrast osmosis and diffusion
  • Identify levels of organization in life-forms from cell to tissue, organ, organ system, organism
  • Describe the path of blood through the heart, lungs, and body
  • Compare and contrast the circulatory systems of fish, birds, amphibians, and mammals
  • Compare and contrast types of bones, muscles, joints, ligaments and cartilage and their movements
  • Describe the parts and function of the nervous system and the endocrine system
  • Describe the structure and function of the human respiratory system
  • Explain cellular respiration and its relationship to gas exchange in your body
  • Explain how earthquakes and volcanoes result from the buildup of pressure inside Earth
  • Compare and contrast earthquake faults and seismic waves
  • Describe several ways minerals are formed
  • Explain how rocks change using the rock cycle diagram Identify the three types of rocks
  • Perform mineral tests and identify minerals by hardness, color, streak, cleavage, and fracture
  • floor and shore zones
  • Compare and contrast three different fossil fuels in terms of source, use and their environmental effects
  • Classify energy resources as either renewable or nonrenewable
  • Describe the composition and structure of Earth’s atmosphere.
  1. LIFE SCIENCE:
  • Classify organisms into kingdoms; classify organisms according to cell composition; identify the levels of organization in life forms; classify plants/animals.
  • Explore the digestive system of animals
  • Give examples of ways organisms interact and have distinct functions within ecosystems; identify ways ecosystems have changed over time
  • Describe a food chain and roles of producers, consumers, and decomposers.
  • Describe the process of photosynthesis.
  1. PHYSICAL SCIENCE:
  • Describe the relationships between force, mass, and acceleration using Newton’s Laws
  • Demonstrate Archimedes’ Principle related to buoyancy of objects in a liquid
  • Explain how work can produce kinetic energy, potential energy, and thermal energy
  • Describe and apply the Law of Conservation of Energy
  • Trace the source of the energy that runs appliances
  • Identify the six types of simple machines and calculate their mechanical advantage
  • Describe the difference between temperature and heat. Give examples of conduction, convection and radiation
  • Describe the physical properties metals, nonmetals, and metalloids
  • Compare the relationships involving changes in pressure, volume, and temperature of a gas
  • Identify and describe several chemical reactions
  • Describe the difference between reactants and products, energy and catalyst in a chemical reaction 
  1. ENGINEERING/TECHNOLOGY 
  • Identify materials used to accomplish a task based on a specific property (e.g. rocks and minerals—building and electronics).
  • Identify appropriate units and tools to construct a give prototype; identify design features.
  • Compare and contrast simple and complex machines.

Social Studies
  • Reads primary and secondary sources in order to:
    • Analyze the texts using evidence.
    • Understand the main ideas of the text.
    • Relate the texts to important historical events or concepts.
  • Determines places in a text in which an author’s point of view is presented.
  • Distinguishes between fact and opinion in a text.
  • Uses technology and media to better understand concepts taught.
  • Compares primary and secondary sources about the same topic.
  • Learns about historical events within a context and as related to things such as geography, economy, and social and political factors.  
  • Learns about topics, including ancient and global civilizations, gaining a deeper understanding of history and the present global community. 
  • Apply their knowledge of geographic features as related to historical and modern map
  • Construct and interpret timelines and use vocabulary associated with the calculation of time
  • Learns World History (primary from 600-1750) focusing on Ancient Greece, Ancient Rome and the Middle Ages.
  • Learn Geography of North America: Regions, Physical Processes, Climate, Weather, Vegetation Zones, Land and Water resources
  • Explains how the U.S. plays a role in the global society
  • Learns about the economy of Latin America and Cuba
  • Knows physical geography of Europe (Modern Europe), South America, Asia, Australia and Africa
  • Compare and Contrasts economies between several countries within Europe, South America, Asia and Africa
 
Helping your Child through 6th-8th Grade (Middle School + Life)
Set Routines
In the middle school years, your child will be more involved in activities outside of the school day. Academic demands will be greater and require more time at home. Your child will require enormous amounts of sleep, food, and exercise at this age. Balancing homework, extracurricular activities, family time, daily chores, and sleep may require your help. Children may not consider homework and daily chores to be a priority in life. If you help set up a daily schedule, including time for academic work, your child will gain self-management and organizational skills.
Listen to Your Child
Societal pressures on children and adolescents today are greater than ever. Your child may be exposed to drugs or alcohol, premature sex, or violence without your knowledge. Television, movies, videos, and video games may expose your child to adult activities.
Your child will probably be changeable and unpredictable during this stormy time of adolescence. He or she may seem rude and inconsiderate when interacting with others. Irresponsibility and mood changes can be annoying and infuriating. But remember, “this, too, shall pass.” Your child is worth the investment of time, so take time to listen to what he or she has to say. Your child will succeed academically with your support.
Encourage Creativity
“I am not a nut. I am a pioneer.” This comment by Betty Miles probably describes how your preadolescent feels. Research projects, current events, environmental issues and other causes, art and dramatic productions, the world of entertainment, sports events, and other activities will attract children at this age. Guide your child in using creativity to explore areas of interest. Creativity is not so much inventing something new as it is recombining old information. Help your child use the Internet, art, music, and writing to explore and use his or her creative mind.
Managing Time
The need to study outside of the ‘school day’ increases as students advance from grade to grade. Helping your child learn time management skills is essential not only for academic success but also for success in other areas throughout life. Good time management can ensure that students take the time to process and reflect on what they’ve done when work is finished. The following suggestions are essential in managing time:  
  • Organize a daily schedule-Procrastination is a common characteristic among students. They commonly put off tasks that require planning and extended work. Help your child learn to prioritize tasks and keep a record of work done.
  • Set goals and timelines-As study tasks become more complex and require more time to complete, students must evaluate each task and the amount of time needed to complete it. Your child may set expectations that are too high or too low, so continual monitoring is needed to determine if the quality or quantity of work accomplished is meeting reasonable expectations. Encourage your child to set realistic goals that can be met.
  • Break a big task into smaller tasks-If your child becomes overwhelmed with an assignment that requires an extended amount of time, show how the assignment can be broken into several short tasks with established deadlines. Remember to encourage your child to be realistic, always keeping the due date in mind. Keeping a weekly monitoring sheet will help your child visually plot assignments.
  • Reinforce good study habits-Help your child learn to self-monitor study habits and reward himself or herself for a job well done. Rewards might involve activities that your child would rather be doing instead of studying. A good mindset for this is “Study now and do something fun later.”
 
Suggested Activities you and your Middle-School Child can do together
  • Shared Reading Experiences: Share and talk about the main ideas of articles with your child that are about topics they learn in science, social studies, (including current events), or topics relevant or interesting to them. Share items in articles having to do with data collection and analysis as studied in math. You can even read the same book that your child is reading for English and form a family book club.
  • Write for Enjoyment: Encourage your child to keep a journal; try keeping one yourself. When you or your child finds a passion topic, write about it in a relevant way. For example, write letters to favorite authors, write letters to publications about articles or even try and submit an article to a local publication or website.
  • Share and Solve Math in Your Life: When you encounter math in your life, show your child how you solved the relevant math equation or have him/her assist you in solving it. This may occur in areas such as:
    • Changing the measurements in recipes, especially when it involves add, subtracting, or multiplying mixed fractions.
    • Computations having to do with creating and working with a budget.
    • Figuring out distances when traveling or sales prices when shopping.
    • Data collection or analysis.
  • Use Technology to Enhance Your Child’s Learning: Since most middle-schoolers are technology fans (and experts), encourage your children to use technology to "show what they know" or further their learning. Of course, as with any use of technology, be sure to monitor your child’s technology use, access, and communication with others.
    • Making short-video book reviews of books being read.
    • Making quick video lessons (or using one of many various apps) for presenting short narrated lessons about topics being learned so that your child can teach you!
    • Create photo collages or scrapbooks of work completed and or books read.
    • Create a continuous conversation via email or another technological format in which your child sends you quick snippets (pictures and or texts) of something interesting s/he learned. Follow up with questions or comments on what your child sends.

 

 

 

Author:LyndaAckert
Published:Apr 12th
Modified:Apr 12th
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