Skills and Concepts for 4th Grade


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Skills to Teach and Concepts to Introduce in 4th Grade

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English/Reading/Writing
  • Uses specific examples from the text to explain characters’ motivations, main events, central themes or ideas about a text.
  • Uses the context of a text to determine the meaning of a word.
  • Understands and can explain the differences between narrative prose, drama and poetry.
  • Identifies and refers to the various parts of a poem and plays such as verses, settings, and characters.
  • Interprets and connects information from illustrations, graphs, charts or other sources related to the text.
  • Identifies, compares and contrasts different perspectives from which texts are written. (For example, 1st and 3rd person).
  • Compares and contrasts the way different texts address the same issue, theme or topic.
  • Construct multiple kinds of writing: comparison/ contrasts.
  • Makes connections between people, events or important ideas in a text.
  • Uses previous knowledge to read unfamiliar multi-syllable words.
  • Reads grade-level texts with accurate comprehension, pacing and expression.
  •  Apply knowledge of language structure
  • Apply appropriate conventions to writing
  • Apply appropriate usage and grammar; quotations, colon, semi-colon
  • Demonstrate knowledge of parts of speech
  • Demonstrate and apply correct capitalization and punctuation: proper nouns
  • Develop and apply correct punctuation: internal punctuation; rules for comma
  • Apply principals of conventional spelling
  • Practice written composition
  • Construct and apply vocabulary to read and extend understanding
  • Demonstrate a knowledge of homophones
  • Demonstrate structural analysis skills to extend understanding
  • Writes opinion pieces which express a point of view and which have an introduction, a conclusion, reasons and facts to support the opinion and groups together related ideas.
  • Writes informative/explanatory pieces which present information on a topic, use facts and details, group together related topics, and provides and introduction and conclusion.
  • Writes narrative pieces which use specific details, descriptions and dialogue to convey a real event and includes an introduction and conclusion.
  • Plans, revises and edits his writing.
  • Uses technology to publish, research and communicate with others under the proper guidance of an adult or teacher.
  • Types with beginning accuracy and ability. (For example, types one page of text within one sitting).
  • Demonstrate revision skills in writing to clarify communication
  • Demonstrate oral presentation skills
  • Demonstrate handwriting skills: legibility
 
Sample Activities
  • Read and Research Together: Read the same book as your child either independently, together or a combination of both. Talk about the books as you read them, reviewing main ideas and plots and expressing your opinions on the book. Then read an additional book or books on the same subject and compare and contrast how the books both dealt with the same issue. For example, read two fiction books about family, or two different topics about the same historical event or non-fiction topic.
  • Compare Perspectives: Read two texts, one which is first-hand and one which is written in third person about the same event. Talk with your child about the differences and why she thinks these differences exist. Or try this yourself! After sharing an event with your child, each of you can write about it from your own perspectives. Or choose an event which one of you experienced first-hand, that each of you can write about. Talk about the differences between what you wrote to gain a better understanding of perspective.
  • Read magazine and newspaper articles focusing on illustrations, graphs or charts. Point out to your child what they show, ask her to help you interpret it and discuss how they help explain or elaborate on the text. 
  • Ask Why: When your child expresses his opinion or states his ideas about something, ask him why he thinks that or how he knows it to be true. This will help him learn to support his opinion with reasons and/or facts. Do the same when you express your opinion or ideas about something.
  • Practice Typing: Encourage your child to practice his typing skills. Use typing games or make up your own games such as giving your child a word to spell and timing how fast he can type it.
  • Email with your Child:  Set up an email account for your child and write emails to each other describing your days to each other. Include details, conversations, thoughts and emotions you had. This can be done in addition to generally encouraging (and supervising) your child’s use of technology -- helping him use it for research, writing and communicating with others. As always, be cautious of your child’s technology use by monitoring and supervising how much it is used and with whom he communicates.
  • Practice Note Taking: When you and your child go somewhere like a museum or on a trip, or even when you or child just talks about something interesting or of importance, pretend to be reporters and take notes. Both you and your child can take notes and then use those notes to later describe what you learned.  You can even relay your “reports” as a newscaster would on a news show. 

Math
  • Uses addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to solve word problems, including word problems that require multiple steps and computation.
  • Adds and subtracts multi-digit numbers.
  • Multiplies a number that has up to 4 digits by a 1 digit number, (for example, 2345 x 6) and multiplies two 2 digit numbers by each other, (for example, 13 X 16).
  • Solves division equations which include remainders.   
  • Solves word problems which measure distance, time, size, money and area and perimeter.
  • Predicts answers to word problems and equations based on knowledgeable estimation.
  • Understands the concepts of and learns the multiples and factors for numbers 1-100.
  • Follows a pattern or set of guidelines to determine a number. For example: Start with 5. Add 3, five times and subtract 1. What number are you left with?
  • Compares and explains why one fraction is bigger or smaller than another, using visuals and/or common denominators.
  • Begins to add and subtract fractions, including through word problems.
  • Begins to write and compare fractions as decimals. 
  • Reads and writes multi-digit numbers using bases of ten and expanded forms. For example: 4,538 = 4 thousands, 5 hundreds, 3 tens and 8 ones.
  • Compares multi-digit number using < and >. 
  • Rounds multi-digit numbers to any place. 
  • Creates and uses graphs to represent data and answer questions and specifically creates line plots. 
  • Begins to learn about, measure, and decipher the angles of a shape. 
  • Explains her thinking and how she solves math equations and word problems both verbally and through writing.  
 
1.NUMBER SENSE & OPERATIONS
  • Read, represent, write, compare, order, and interpret whole numbers through one million and decimals through hundredths; identify place value; round numbers; recognize classes of numbers.
  • Represent, compare, and order fractions and decimals; find fraction equivalences; relate fractions to decimals; add and subtract common fractions.
  • Know multiplication and related division facts through 12 x 12; multiply 3-digit by 2-digit and divide 3-digit by 1- digit; interpret remainders.
 
2.PATTERNS, RELATIONS & ALGEBRA
  • Describe, create, and extend geometric and numeric patterns (including multiplication).
  • Use variables to represent unknowns in expressions, number sentences; determine value of variables.
  • Solve unit pricing and map scales problems.
 
3.GEOMETRY
  • Describe, model, draw, compare, and classify 2-D and 3- D shapes; compare and analyze attributes; recognize similar figures.
  • Identify types of angles; describe and draw intersecting, parallel, and perpendicular lines.
  • Use ordered pairs to graph, locate, identify points, and describe paths.
  • Determine congruence using transformations; identify and describe line symmetry.
4.MEASUREMENT
  • Describe and measure attributes of length, area, weight, and volume; find area and perimeter.
  • Carry out simple measurement conversions.
  • Tell time to nearest minute; compute elapsed time
5. DATA ANALYSIS, PROBABILITY, & STATISTICS
  • Collect, organize, and display data in lists, tables, and graphs; draw conclusions and make predictions.
  • Represent possible outcomes for simple probability; classify outcomes; find combinations of objects from three sets.
 
Sample Activities
  • Appoint a Family Mathematician: Now that your child is very capable in her math skills, take advantage of the opportunities in which she can help solve math problems you encounter in everyday life. For example, ask her to figure how much change you will receive, what measurements you need for carpeting a room or how much of an ingredient you need when you are doubling or tripling a recipe. Make your child the family mathematician!
  •  Create Math Riddles: Make up your own math riddles for each other, in which you provide set guidelines and ask each other to find the final number, (as explained above). For example: “Start at 36. Subtract 4, divide by 7 and add 6. What number are you left with?” You can do this for your child and your child can do this for you! Change things up a bit and give your child a number to end up with and ask him to create a riddle with at least three steps, and use different operations, that would leave you with this number.
  • Make Predications: Give your child (and have your child give you) difficult math equations. Ask each other to predict your answers using estimation and then explain how you developed this predication. Then solve the problems and see whose prediction is closer to the correct answer. Do this for a few problems and keep score!
  • Make a Multiples and Factors Treasure Hunt: Write numbers on small cards and hide them around the house. Ask your child to find all the factors or multiples of a certain number. Be sure to include some numbers that are not multiples and factors; when your child finds those, she should leave them where they are! 
 
Science
  • Conducts experiments using the scientific method: 1. Observes and Researches 2. Develops a Hypothesis (based on observations and research) 3. Makes Predictions 4. Experiments 5. Develops a Conclusion
  • Develops further questions to research and experiment with based on previously done experiments and previously realized conclusions.
  • Writes about and orally presents the findings and conclusion of an experiment.
  • Researches and takes notes on information on a variety of topics using texts and computers.
  • Collects and uses data to support experiments and what he learns.
  • Experiments with diverse types of materials and different matter such as solid, liquids, and gas.
  • Able to work independently, in partnerships, and in small groups to conduct experiments and create projects.
1. EARTH SCIENCE:
  • Differentiate between weather and climate.
  • Describe how temperature, moisture, wind speed and direction, and precipitation impact weather; distinguish among various forms of precipitation; describe how global patterns influence weather.
  • Describe the water cycle.
2. LIFE SCIENCE:
  • Classify organisms into kingdoms; classify plants and animals according to physical characteristics.
  • Give examples of inherited characteristics that may change as adaptations to changes in the environment enable organisms to survive; recognize and describe instinctive and learned behaviors of animals.
3. PHYSICAL SCIENCE:
  • Identify the states of matter; compare and contrast solids, liquids, and gases based on their properties.
  • Identify magnetism and electricity as basic forms of energy.
  • Identify the parts of an electrical circuit; make and test a parallel and series circuit; classify materials as conductors or insulators.
  • Describe the properties of magnets and magnetic fields; classify objects as attracted by or not attracted by magnets.
4. ENGINEERING/TECHNOLOGY 
  • Identify appropriate units and tools to construct a given prototype; identify design features
 
Sample Activities
  • Experiment: Find something that interests your child, such as, the weather, plants, a garden you may be growing, sound or motion. Work with your child to use the scientific method as described above to learn about and experiment with this project. Record each step, beginning with research and ending with the conclusion. You can also do more experiments based on questions or observations that come from your experiment.
  • Hypothesize: Before doing something, such as adding one liquid to another or putting something in the water, ask your child to hypothesize what she thinks will happen. Ask her to explain why she thinks this.
  • Take a Hike: Visit a local park or hiking site and encourage your child to make observations, describe what she notices and ask questions. Pay particular attention to the natural objects you find such as rock formations and plants and use these observations for further research.
  • Learn How Something Works: Choose a technology or machine with your child and research both with books and information online, how that object works. Then create a model, diagram or video of how that object works. 

Social Studies
  • Studies and uses maps to gain a deeper understanding of geography and how geography affects a community.
  • Describe the major land formations, bodies of water, and aspects of physical geography found in the
    regions of the United States
  • Use the Five Themes of Geography to identify and discuss the political and physical geography of North America
  • Researches, organizes and presents his research on various topics, events and figures.
  • Discusses topics focusing on explaining his opinion using specific details, facts and reasons to support his opinion.
  • Writes essays which state an opinion and includes supporting facts for that opinion.
  • Reads primary and secondary sources about different events, people and topics.
  • Uses technology to research both past and current events and topics. 
  • Deepens his understanding of government and civic responsibility.
  • Deepens his understanding of basic economic principles and how one’s community effects his or her economy and business.
  • Uses and creates multiple types of sources including art, film, poetry and fiction to learn and show what he has learned about historical events and social studies topics.
  • Understands different concepts such as cause and effect in order to explain and learn why things happen or happened.
  • Compares different events and retellings of the same event.
  • Discusses American holidays and important days and events as they approach.
  • Identify and discuss the rights of immigrants who come to the United States
  • Identify and discuss the value of natural resources and how they play a role in the economy of the United States
  • Describe the geography and history of at least one other country in the world.
 

Sample Activities
  • Stay Current: Encourage your child to read news magazines for kids, such as Scholastic Kids. Ask them and talk to them about current events. Encourage them to share their opinion and ideas about the events.
  • Imagine That: Help your child see things from different perspectives. Read or learn about a moment, adult or child in history and talk about how your child would feel if he were in their shoes. Your child can even dress up as the figure or a person living during that time and act out how he felt.
  • Compare Perspectives: Your child can interview a person who lived during an important historical or current event. Then read about the moment in a secondary source and compare the two perspectives.
  • Watch, Read and Listen: Compare various sources (books, movies, art, songs, poems) about an event and talk about how they treat one topic or moment differently.
  • Visit Historical Places: Visit both local and national historical landmarks.  Local landmarks are particularly important as they will help your child relate to events which occurred near to his own home. 

 

Author:LyndaAckert
Published:Apr 7th
Modified:Apr 7th
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